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What is Borderline Personality Disorder??

borderline-personality-disorder


BPD is one of the most stigmatized mental health conditions. Too many people with BPD feel ashamed, unlovable and isolated. Being silenced, stereotyped, discriminated against and excluded are all too common experiences for people with this diagnosis.
Borderline personality disorder is the mental health condition that impact the way you think and feel about yourself and others, causes problems in the daily life functions. It includes, self image issue, difficulties in managing emotions and behavior, and not be able to maintain a good relationship.
With borderline personality disorder, you have intense fear of leaving a person completely or permanently, it seems difficult to trust on the people, you may have difficulty tolerating being alone.
Inappropriate anger, mood swings, impulsiveness may push others from you, even though you want to have a loving and lasting relationships.
Borderline personality disorder begins with the early age and get worse in the young adulthood and may gradually get better with the age.
If you have this disorder, don’t be demoralized. Many people having this disorder cop ups over the time with the help of the treatment and learn to live a satisfying lives.

Symptoms-

Borderline personality disorder affects how you feel for yourself as well as for others.
  1. 1. An intense fear of abandonment, even going to extreme measures to avoid real or imagined separation or rejection
  2. 2. A pattern of unstable intense relationships, such as idealizing someone one moment and then suddenly believing the person doesn't care enough or is cruel
  3. 3. Rapid changes in self-identity and self-image that include shifting goals and values, and seeing yourself as bad or as if you don't exist at all
  4. 4. Periods of stress-related paranoia and loss of contact with reality, lasting from a few minutes to a few hours
  5. 5. Impulsive and risky behavior, such as gambling, reckless driving, unsafe sex, spending sprees, binge eating or drug abuse, or sabotaging success by suddenly quitting a good job or ending a positive relationship
  6. 6. Suicidal threats or behavior or self-injury, often in response to fear of separation or rejection
  7. 7. Wide mood swings lasting from a few hours to a few days, which can include intense happiness, irritability, shame or anxiety
  8. 8. Ongoing feelings of emptiness
  9. 9. Inappropriate, intense anger, such as frequently losing your temper, being sarcastic or bitter, or having physical fights

When to reach doctor

If you are aware of any signs and symptoms of this disorder, Reach to the doctor or the mental health consultant and get yourself treated right.

Causes

As with other mental health disorders, the causes of borderline personality disorder aren't fully understood. In addition to environmental factors — such as a history of child abuse or neglect — borderline personality disorder may be linked to:
  • Genetics Some studies of twins and families suggest that personality disorders may be inherited or strongly associated with other mental health disorders among family members.
  • Brain abnormalities Some research has shown changes in certain areas of the brain involved in emotion regulation, impulsivity and aggression. In addition, certain brain chemicals that help regulate mood, such as serotonin, may not function properly.

Risk Factor

Some factors related to personality development can increase the risk of developing borderline personality disorder. These include:
  • Hereditary predisposition You may be at a higher risk if a close relative — your mother, father, brother or sister — has the same or a similar disorder.
  • Stressful childhood Many people with the disorder report being sexually or physically abused or neglected during childhood. Some people have lost or were separated from a parent or close caregiver when they were young or had parents or caregivers with substance misuse or other mental health issues. Others have been exposed to hostile conflict and unstable family relationships.

Complications

Borderline personality disorder can damage many areas of your life. It can negatively affect intimate relationships, jobs, school, social activities and self-image, resulting in:
  •   Repeated job changes or losses
  •   Not completing an education
  •   Multiple legal issues, such as jail time
  •   Conflict-filled relationships, marital stress or divorce
  •   Self-injury, such as cutting or burning, and frequent hospitalizations
  •   Involvement in abusive relationships
  •   Unplanned pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, motor vehicle accidents and physical fights due to impulsive and risky behavior
  •   Attempted or commited suicide

In addition, you may have other mental health disorders, such as:
  •   Depression
  •   Alcohol or other substance misuse
  •   Anxiety disorders
  •   Eating disorders
  •   Bipolar disorder
  •   Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  •   Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  •   Other personality disorders

-Hopearay Team


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